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Housing costs have exacerbated income equality in Germany

CReAM Research by Christian Dustmann and co-authors finds that changes in housing expenditures dramatically exacerbated the rise in income inequality in Germany since the mid-1990s. The research was covered on the German press.

Press Release

Discussion Paper



UCL News

Immigrant and disadvantaged children benefit most from early childcare

Attending universal childcare from age three significantly improves the school readiness of children from immigrant and disadvantaged family backgrounds.

Press Release

Discussion Paper


UCL News




The Criminal Behaviour of Young Fathers

CReAM Research by Christian Dustmann and  Rasmus Landersø, finds that  very young fathers who have their first child while they are still teenagers subsequently commit less crime if the child is a boy than if it is a girl. This  then has a spill over effect on other young men of a similar age living in the same neighbourhoods as the young father. The research was covered on the British press.

Press Release

Discussion Paper


The Telegraph

The Times



"I was quite prepared... to use the cover of the statistician's analysis": Former home secretary David Blunkett and Prof Dustmann on the 2003 report on EU accession



BBC Three Counties

Christian Dustmann discussing Theresa May's comments on EU workers 'jumping the queue' on BBC Three Counties.

External Research Fellow

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The Rt Hon Charles Clarke

Charles Clarke is Visiting Professor in Economics and Migration at University College London and a fellow at CReAM since 2012.

As Home Secretary from 2004-06 he had direct responsibility for Migration, including the February 2005 White Paper, “Controlling our Borders: Making Migration Work for Britain” (Cm 6472).

Charles currently has a range of activities in the field of international education, including work with Open University, Infinitas Learning, INTO University Partnerships and the Alexandria Trust. He gives papers at various international education events and seeks to promote educational development internationally.

Appointments: Since 2011, Charles has been a member of the Transatlantic Council on Migration, which is a project of the Migration Policy Institute. He is a member of the International Advisory Board of the Schengen White List Project, which is run by the European Stability Initiative. He is also a Council member of the European Council for Foreign Relations and a member of the Steering Group of the Apeldoorn Conference which stimulates dialogue between the UK and Holland.

Other academic appointments include Visiting Professor in Politics at the University of East Anglia and Visiting Professor in Politics and Faith at the University of Lancaster, as well as other occasional academic lectures and events.

Career: Charles Clarke read mathematics and economics at Kings College Cambridge. He was President of the National Union of Students from 1975-77.

From 1978-80 he worked on urban regeneration in Hackney and was then elected Labour councillor there.

From 1980-1992 he worked for Neil Kinnock MP as his political adviser and then Chief of Staff after he became Labour Party Leader.

After election to Parliament as Labour MP for Norwich South in May 1997 he was appointed to the Treasury Select Committee. In July 1998 he joined the government as Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for School Standards and then Minister of State at the Home Office.

In 2001 he joined the Cabinet as Labour Party Chair and Minister without Portfolio and then served as Secretary of State for Education and Skills and then Home Secretary.